The previous chapters have described the underlying technologies such as consistent hashing, ID generator, and now using these techniques we can develop a URL shortener that can generate 100 million URLs per day. Design consists of the following elements: API endpoints URL redirecting URL shortening Data model Hash functions: Hash + collision resolution vs Base-62 conversion Additional topics to consider: Rate limiter Web server scaling Database scaling Analytics Availability, consistency, and reliability These items are disclosed in a very interesting Chapter 8 of the book:
A very short Chapter 2 is about how to make rough estimates to start from the most important parts when designing the software. Some concepts that EVERY software developer should know: “Power of two” Standard latency numbers! How fast is memory, how slow is disk, etc… Availability numbers What are key metrics you should think about These concepts and numbers are disclosed in chapter two of the book:
Earlier the book club of our company has studied excellent book: Martin Kleppmann - Designing Data-Intensive Applications This is the best book I have read about building complex scalable software systems. 💪 As usually I prepared an overview and mind-map. Chapter 9 tells about Consistency and Consensus in distributed systems. It covers the following topics: What is consistency and eventual consistency Linearizability. Why it is needed. Difference from Serializability.
Earlier the book club of our company has studied excellent book: Martin Kleppmann - Designing Data-Intensive Applications This is the best book I have read about building complex scalable software systems. 💪 As usually I prepared an overview and mind-map. Chapter 5: Intro. How to scale apps. Replicating and partitioning. Three algos of replicating Single-leader Replication Leaders and Followers Sync and async replication Adding new Followers Handling node outages Technical implementations and all potential problems Multi-Leader Replication Use-cases when it is good Handling write conflicts Three topologies and potential problems Leaderless Replication Writing to the database when a node is down Quorums and problems with them Detecting concurrent writes and how to resolve them Download full mind map (PDF)